Chinese American Newspapers and Periodicals in the United States

Yan MA, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
School of Library and Information Science
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
yma@csd.uwm.edu

The Chinese newspapers and periodicals in the United States have played a major role in maintaining the identity, cohesiveness, and structure of Chinese communities. They are the major sources which represent Chinese culture, heritage, historical and present development of Chinese communities in the United States. They are the important media for the Chinese in America to communicate with Americans and other ethnic groups. They are the unique primary and secondary sources for historical and sociological study of Chinese Americans regarding their lives, social, political, and economic status in the United States. The development of Chinese American newspapers and periodicals reflects the economic, political, social, cultural, and educational status of Chinese Americans in this country. This study is an update to the author's previous National Survey of Chinese American Newspapers and Periodicals in the United States in 1987.

An extensive survey of Chinese newspapers and periodicals in the United States, which are presently published in the United States was conducted in 1995 and 1996. This survey results update the changes, development, variety, status, and trends of Chinese American newspapers and periodicals since 1987. The survey results also provide a most current directory of Chinese American newspapers and periodicals in the United States. The publication will be the most up-to-date, comprehensive, essential resource guide for librarians, scholars, historians, sociologists, and those who have research and general interest in Chinese American newspapers and periodicals in the United States.

Chinese American newspapers and periodicals are defined as publications which are presently published in the United States by Chinese communities, organizations, or individuals. Their main audience are Chinese Americans and/or Americans. These publications include dailies, weeklies, monthlies, quarterlies, biannials, and other irregular publications in print and electronic formats. Annuals are not included. The geographic scope of the survey included continental United States and Hawaii. The linguistic pattern covered English, Chinese, and Chinese/English.

Two principal methodologies were applied for the research: survey and bibliographic analysis. Forty editors of Chinese American newspapers and periodicals responded to the survey. A directory of these publications will be published in a professional journal in 1997. For a detailed report of this study and a historical analysis of these publications, please refer to professional journals 1997.

Note: The project was supported by a grant awarded by the University of Wisconsin System Institute on Race and Ethnicity. The author also thanks the School of Library and Information Science, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

[This is a summary of the paper presented at the 62nd General Conference of the International Federation of Library Associations, Beijing, China, August 1996. A directory of Chinese American newspapers and periodicals in the United States and a historical analysis of these publications will be published in professional journals in 1997. The author would like to take this opportunity to thank CALA members, librarians, colleagues, and friends who provided her with information on Chinese American newspapers and periodicals in the United States and their support for this project].

Copyright © 1996 Yan MA.
Submitted to CALA E-J on October 25, 1996.